The Enniskillen Bowls: Asiatic Engravings and Traditional Heraldry

24/06/2019     Chiswick Curates, Silver & Objects of Vertu

Head of Silver & Objects of Vertu, John Rogers discusses two silver bowls that provide insight into the marriage between a prominent Irish Earl and the daughter of an Indian colonial family.

 

William Willoughby Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen (1807-1886) by William Robinson (Leeds 1799 – Leeds 1839), Oil on Canvas,circa 1830. Collection Florence Court, National Trust (NT 631078)

 

Jane Casamajor, Countess of Enniskillen (1815-1855), British (English) School, portrait miniature, watercolour painting on ivory c.1840-1844. Collection Florence Court, National Trust (NT 630890)

 

William Willoughbly Cole, 3rd Earl of Enniskillen (1807-1886) married Jane Casamajor (1815-1855) on 16th Jan 1844, three years after the Casamajor family's return from India. Cole assumed the Earldom upon the death of his father John Willoughby Cole (1768-1840), on the 31st March 1840. Jane Casamajor was the eldest of three daughters of James Archibald Casamajor HEICS (1787-1863) and Mary Christian Paterson (India 1789/92 – d. between 1820 and 1834), daughter of Lieut Col. Thomas Paterson (d.1810). James Casamajor was a highly reputed judge in Madras known for his philanthropy. The Casamajor family had  returned to London by 1839 residing at Manchester Square (The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany vol 30 Sep-Dec 1839, London: Wm. H. Allen & Co, p. 64).

Lot 209. A rare and interesting early to mid-19th century Indian Colonial silver rice bowl base, Calcutta circa 1836-1853, attributed to Twentyman & Company. Estimate: £300-500

 


The crest for Cole below an Earl’s coronet and the marks on the rice bowl showing a rudimentary lion rampant and an incuse ‘tally’ mark.



The origin of the two bowls can be deduced from the presence of marks and are comparable with similar decorations. For instance lot 209 bears a distorted mark of a lion rampant and an incuse mark. We know from other documented examples that this bowl would have had a cover and was for serving rice. The few recorded instances of lion rampant marks lead the attribution to the firm of Twentyman & Co in Hare Street, Calcutta.  We know of a similar rice bowl and cover circa 1820, through the firm’s founder William Henry Twentyman. It is possible that this bowl was part of the Casamajor family’s possessions, however the decoration is not of typically Indian origin and is thought to be Chinese.

Lot 210. A rare and important mid-19th century Burmese unmarked silver bowl, Thayetmyo circa 1844-65. Estimate: £600-800



 

The second bowl, lot 210, is of Burmease origin, specifically the region of Thayetmyo, located between Rangoon and Mandalay, both sites of Burmese silver production. The bowl is particularly interesting as it is chased with the Burmese signs of the zodiac.



January – Makaya (half fish, half elephant)- Capricorn

 

February – Kon (water pot) – Aquarius

 

March – Mein (fish) – Pisces

 

April – Meittha (ram) – Aries

 

May – Pyeittha (bull) – Taurus

 

June – Mei-don (male nat-like figure) – Gemini

 

July – Karakat (crab) – Cancer

 

August – Thein (lion) – Leo

 

September – Kan (female) – Virgo

 

October – Tu (Person holding scales) – Libra

 

November – Pyeitsa (scorpion) – Scorpio

 

December – Nu (archer with bow) – Saggitarius



 

Both these bowls have richly gilded interiors and are engraved with the coat of arms between supporters for the Cole family, upon this is an escutcheon of pretence for the coat of arms of Casamajor. This way of blazoning the arms is incorrect as Jane had sisters (where at least one survived her), the correct version is depicted on a blotter. It is possible that these coats of arms were engraved incorrectly as it was misconstrued as Jane was the eldest daughter. It is believed that these bowls may have been used during the christening of the many children of the Cole-Casamajor family.

The arms for Cole with Casamjor on an escutcheon of pretence between supporters of dragons reguardant holding in the interior forepaw a dart, with motto below Deum Cole Regem Serva, all surmounted by an Earl’s coronet.

 

Blotter with Coat of Arms for Cole Implaing Casamajor, made from a panel from carriage door Collection Florence Court, National Trust (NT 630941)



 
These are presently the only examples known of Indian Colonial and early Burmese silver engraved with noble heraldry. The form of decoration found on the Burmese bowl was adopted in domestic British silver work from the 1860 in to the first decade of the 20th century, particularly in tea sets from Scottish firms.

 

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