How to Buy an Antique Rug

19/11/2020     Carpets & Rugs

Over the last few years, there has been a resurgence in ‘maximalization’, as the minimal ‘throwaway culture’ of modern pieces gives way to those searching out rugs of better quality, that will endure the test of time. Antique rugs, which are defined by being 80 years or older are often considered suited to period homes, but this is not the case, due to the vast array of designs, there are a multitude of pieces that can bring a contemporary interior to life. But what should we consider before buying one? Our very own Mark Lampe, Head of Rugs & Carpets gives us his top tips.

A fine Tabriz carpet, north-west Persia

 

First step


Knowledge is power! Educate yourself on the various types of rugs on offer, so you can look for exactly what you like. You can choose from finely woven rugs with detailed floral designs or more tribal rugs which tend to be smaller in size with overtly stylised geometric and floral forms. Look online via our sale catalogue.

Wool, cotton and silk were the main materials used for producing high-quality floor rugs, which was important not only for the look and feel of a carpet but for its durability. The highest value rugs are usually silk on silk, or silk with a fine wool blend.

A very fine signed silk Hereke rug, Turkey

 

Types of antique rugs

 

Tribal rugs


Small rugs woven in tents, predominantly by nomadic tribes. Bright, colourful, graphic designs used domestically to protect the tribes from cold and damp, but also to use to barter and sell.


Court Period rugs


Rugs were made in the Islamic world as early as the 11th century, firstly in Iran for domestic use and then through progression for the following Royal courts of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires.

These rugs were particularly ornate works of art that represented the wealth and status of those that commissioned them. They were used in court on floors in grand reception halls, as well as private chambers. They were also presented as impressive gifts to other rulers. Paintings of the 16th and 17th centuries show smaller rugs layered on top of larger carpets and many were used in outdoor pleasure pavilions and palatial parks.

Rulers were able to attain lavish materials, such as silk and employed highly skilled designers and weavers in their empires, to create luxurious rugs and carpets. Because of this court rugs are highly sought after for their stunning designs, exceptional quality and the skills employed to create them.


Current trends in antique rug collecting


The most popular area of antique rug collecting are rugs that are rare examples, dating from the 19th century or earlier. Collectors will bid furiously for rugs from the Mughal, Safavid and Ottoman periods, favouring colour, design and rarity above condition.

However, for the general buyer, collectible (rather than practical) rugs are popular. Bought to go on a wall, small tribal style rugs woven by nomadic groups sell well. Antique Seychour rugs from Azerbaijan are also in demand for their brightly coloured graphic designs.

The market continues to be strong for fine silk Persian rugs from the 19th century, due to their delicate patterning and high-quality silk. The designs tend to be more muted than tribal rugs and they lend themselves well to a broad style of homes.


A very fine part silk tabriz circular large rug, North-West Persia


Check condition


There will be some wear and tear on any antique rug, as it has survived for so long and been used on the floor usually on a daily basis. However, the condition can be important in determining what it’s worth. Serious condition issues should be avoided, as not only will it cost you heavily on restoration services, if the weave is weakened, it can only deteriorate with wear and tear. As a specialist, I check for restoration, signs of water or any other damage and any reweaving that might have taken place. We produce condition reports so that it’s absolutely clear what you are purchasing and to establish the quality and condition of the piece.


An antique verneh carpet, South Caucasus

 

Check the date


Natural dyes were used on rugs until 1850 (and still are in the majority of contemporary rugs). These dyes were hardy and withstood the test of time for decades, they produced rich, vibrant colours. However, when chemical dyes came on to the market, rugs were dyed with lesser quality, harsher chemical dyes that produced a much less rich colour range. The colour tone produced by early natural dyes will help in verifying what you’re buying is a genuine antique rug.


Evaluate the design and weave


It is worth considering as you look at the design on the rug, whether the artist’s design has been well defined and is balanced. Are the designs symmetrical and of similar size.  As silly as this sounds, it is a good indicator of quality. A common term used in the rug industry is ‘knots per square inch’, a measurement that demonstrates the complexity and tightness of the way a rug has been woven. As a general rule of thumb, the more densely bound a rug is, the higher its quality.

 

A very fine kashan mochtashem rug, Central Persia


Should you buy antique rugs for investment


As an auction house we do not advocate buying for investment, I would advise buying a piece for its beauty foremost, or because you would like a piece of history, or because you just want to enjoy it. However certain rugs, such as early examples in good condition, can yield a return. Persian silk rugs seem to be in high demand with no sign of stopping, so could potentially be good for resale if you can bear to part with them.


A fine Chinese carpet


Where to buy


Always buy from a recommended source. The benefits of buying at auction are that we can authenticate the rug, while checking for quality and any damage/wear and tear. Specialist advice is available, and you could get a bargain depending on what happens on the day.

Get in touch with Head of Fine Rugs & Carpets, Mark Lampe at mark.lampe@chiswickauctions.co.uk for more information on the upcoming sale